History can be divided into three parts i.e. Ancient, medieval and modern. In this article, we will deal with How to prepare modern India history for UPSC.
Modern History is very vital from the UPSC examination point of view. In both Prelims and Mains, questions are asked from modern History. For Prelims, you have to give MCQ and for mains, you have to give descriptive answers.
If you approach or prepare this subject in a correct manner then it will help you get through the Prelim Wtsof.
So, Read this article till last to find out “How to prepare modern India history for UPSC“.
What is modern India History?
Modern Indian history is a story in which how a country becomes a nation under the rule and guidance of a foreign Power.
UPSC syllabus for Modern Indian History
The UPSC syllabus for Modern Indian History mentions that we have to study modern Indian history from about the middle of the 18th century till the present (i.e.1750’s – present ) and also significant events, the freedom struggles and their various stages, and important contributors.
The contribution from different parts of the countries, and most important women’s contribution in the struggle.
Topics to read for Modern Indian History–
The various topics you have read for Modern Indian history are –
- The Disintegration of the Mughal empire.
- Rise and fall of the Regional States.
- British conquest of India.
- British Administration and policies from 1757-1857.
- Socio-religious reform movement.
- Tribal and peasant revolt + Revolt of 1857.
- 1858 – 1885: The birth of nationalism in India.
- 1885 – 1905: phase of moderates.
- 1905 – 1919: phase of Extremist.
- 1919 – 1939: The Era of Gandhi.
- 1939 – 1947: The phase of transition.
Now let us discuss each topic one by one -:
(a) Disintegration of Mughal empire:
Here you will read how the mighty Mughal empire disintegrates in smaller States like Bengal.
(b) Rise and fall of Regional States:
Here you will read about Mysore, Maratha, and Sikh power. You will read about the rising and fall of Shivaji Maharaj, his administration, and the Maratha empire. Also Mysore war the role of Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. And finally, you will learn about Anglo Sikh wars, the significance of Raja Ranjit Singh.
(c) British conquest of India:
Here you will read the battle of Plassey and Buxar. Before that you have to read the battle of wandiwash. Here you will learn how Britishers emerged victorious among other European Powers like french, Dutch.
(d) British administration and policies in India:
This was the phase of suppression of India. British consolidated their position in India. You have to cover this topic carefully as a lot of things are happening in this stage.
(e) Socio-Religious reform movement:
Here you will read about the great reformers of India and their contribution to the Indian society like Raja Ram Mohan Ray , swami vivekananda, Dayanand Saraswati etc.
(f) The birth of nationalism in India:
Here you will read various British acts, like the act of 1858, 1861 its causes and effects on India. You have to also read about the birth of Bankimchandra Chatterjee, also many political organizations established in this phase like the east India association and the most important part you have to read is the birth of the Indian National Congress and the role of Alan Octavian Hume in the formation of INC.
Before moving further I would like to tell you that the period from 1857-1947 is the most important from the UPSC point of view. So read this phase carefully.
(g) Phase of moderates:
Also known as the period of moderates like M.G Ranade, Dadabhai Naroji and so on you will learn about the contribution of moderates and their contribution to the freedom struggle. Also, you will learn about the role of lord Curzon, etc.
(h) The Extremist phase:
Here the main focus is on Lokmanya Tilak to partition of bengal. Rift between Moderates and Extremist which results in surat split and so on.
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(i) The era of Gandhi:
This is the most important topic. Remember most of the questions are asked from this phase. Mahatma Gandhi and the women struggle are the two favorite topics of UPSC. Here we have to study the emergence of gandhi, champaran kheda, Ahmedabad. We have to study the Rowlatt satyagraha and the Jallianwala massacre. Further we have to study non-cooperation movement and khilafat movement and so on.
(j) The phase of transition:
This is the phase of transition of power. We have to study Subash Chandra bose and his role in the freedom movement. There are various missions, you have to study like August offer, Cripps mission, Quit India movement, cabinet mission, Mountbatten plan and
Source of preparation
Checkout our complete details ” complete booklist for UPSC” for better understanding.
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